It can be handy while troubleshooting to know how to setup Windows Firewall logging. Windows Firewall logging allows you to monitor any dropped or successful connections by the firewall.
You can switch between Domain, Private, and Public Firewall profiles. Typically, you will want to configure the Domain or Private Profile. I will show you how to setup Windows Firewall logging on a Windows Firewall Private Profile. The instructions below will work for a domain or public profile as well.
Typically, I turn on logging for “Log Dropped Packets” only. I don’t log successful connections since successful connections typically aren’t as useful during troubleshooting.
Now copy the default path for the log file. ( %systemroot%\system32\LogFiles\Firewall\pfirewall.log ) and then Press OK
Open File Explorer and Browse to where the Windows Firewall log is stored. ( %systemroot%\system32\LogFiles\Firewall\) .In the Firewall folder, you will see a pfirewall.log
Copy the pfirewall.log to your desktop. This will allow you to open the file without any firewall warnings.
You can see on the left hand side the date/time stamp and then whether the TCP/UDP traffic was allowed or denied. Next is the source IP Address and then the destination IP address of which ports are be denied or allowed.
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